英文學習口說基礎Lv1~Lv3生活

只會講「Hello」?其實在正式與非正式場合,英文聊天開頭用語大不相同!

打招呼的時候,如果只會講「hi」、「hello」實在太無聊啦~你知道其實外國人也是會依照場合跟親密程度,選擇不同的說話方式哦!快來看看這些常用的打招呼用語,在不同場合中會怎麼使用吧。

 

一、1分鐘單字速速記-俚語篇
Vocabulary — Slang Edition

  • treat (v.) 對待
  • dude (n. informal) 老兄 (非正式)
  • mate (n. informal) 夥伴 (非正式)
  • Aussie (n. / adj. informal) 澳洲仔(的) (非正式)
  • drag (v.) 拖,拉
  • ditto (n. informal) 一樣啦 (非正式)
  • nada (pn. informal) 沒事兒 (非正式)

  

hello

二、正式 vs. 俚語 Formal vs. Slang

The standard “Hi!” and “Hello!” is pretty safe, but sometimes it lacks the personal touch. This article will look at the different ways to greet people in a more formal setting, as well as a casual setting.

標準的「Hi!」和「Hello!」用起來很安全,但有時它缺乏個人風格(就是無趣啦)。本文將比較在正式的環境中以及休閒環境中打招呼的不同方式。

 

Formal: Hello, there. How are you?

正式:哈囉,你好嗎?

Informal: ‘Sup, man.

非正式:怎樣啊,夥計。

‘’Sup’ is a shortened version of ‘what’s up?’, meaning ‘how’s it going?’, ‘what’s new’, and the like.

「’Sup」是「What’s up?」的縮寫版本,意思是“最近怎樣?”,“有什麼新鮮事”等等。
___________

Formal: How have you been?

正式:最近好嗎?

Informal: How’s life treatin’ ya?

非正式:最近安抓?

When asking about how one’s life is ‘treating’ them, it refers to their general wellbeing and recent events in their life.

在詢問一個人的生活是如何“對待”他們時,通常指的是生活中所發生的所有好好壞壞。
___________

Formal: Good morning/afternoon/evening!

正式:早上好/下午好/晚上好!

Informal: G’day mate! / Howdy! / Hiya!

非正式:G’day 夥伴!/哩賀!/你好呀!

‘G’day’ is short for ‘good day’, slurred together. Aussies often refer to male friends as ‘mates’, equivalent to saying ‘guys’.

「G’day」是「good day」的縮寫,併在一起的講法。澳洲人經常將男性朋友稱為“夥伴”,就像是在叫“老兄”。

‘Howdy!’ is an old-fashioned, cowboy greeting. It is an abbreviation of ‘how do you do?’

「Howdy」是一種老派的牛仔問候。 這是「How do you do?」的縮寫。

The slang ‘hiya!’ can be found mostly in some parts of England, meaning ‘how are you?’

俚語「Hiya!」主要在英國那邊使用,意思是“你好嗎?”。
___________

Formal: It has been a long time; how do you do?

正式:好久不見,你好嗎?

Informal: Dude! It’s been too long, how’s life?

非正式:夥計!幾百年沒見,最近怎樣?

Just like the term ‘guys’, ‘dude’ is often used casually in informal settings. Keep in mind that ‘dude’ is technically for men. For women, you can use the term ‘dudette’.

就像「guys」這個詞一樣,「dude」經常在非正式場合使用。請記住,「dude」適用於男性。對於女性,可以使用「dudette」。
___________

Formal: Pleased to see you again.

正式:很高興再次見到你。

Informal: Look what the cat dragged in!

非正式:看那隻貓拖啥來啦!

‘Look what the cat dragged in!’ is a playful remark to announce one’s arrival; similar to saying ‘Look who’s here!’

「Look what the cat dragged in!」是個有趣的方式來宣布一個人的到來;類似於說“看看誰出現了!”
___________

Formal: How are you doing?

正式:你好嗎?

Informal: What’s crack-a-lackin?

非正式:有啥新鮮事啊?

Derived from ‘what’s going on?’, ‘what’s crack-a-lackin’?’ is an informal and casual way of asking how someone is doing and what’s currently happening in their life.

源自「What’s going on?」,「What’s crack-a-lackin’?」是一種隨興的方式,詢問他人的生活大小事。

  

say hello to someone

三、情境對話 Scenario Application

正式 Formal:

A: Hello, there. How do you do?

A:哈囉,你好嗎?

B: I’ve been well! Pleased to see you again, and what about you?

B:我一直很好!很高興再次見到你,你呢?

非正式 Informal:

A: Yo, dude! What’s crackalackin’?

A:喲,夥計! 有啥新鮮事啊?

B: Nada. You?

B:沒事兒。 你咧?

A: Ditto.

A:都一樣。

‘Nada’ is a slang for ‘nothing / nothing much’

「Nada」是“沒啥/沒事兒”的俚語。

 


Have some fun with using different greetings! Don’t always stick to the textbook ‘How are you? I’m fine, thank you, and you?’ However, remember to think about the different settings!

希望各位可以開心地使用這些問候語!可以別再堅持教科書那套「How are you? I’m fine, thank you, and you?」囉!也別忘了要考慮不同的情境來使用喔!
若想找個真人跟你在線上練習,可以嘗試WUWOW真人線上課程喔。

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