英文學習專題精選文章進階Lv4~Lv6閱讀

雙語讀新聞:1. 奶茶聯盟亞洲民主的新希望

奶茶聯盟

Milk Tea Alliance: The New Hope of Asia Democracy

奶茶聯盟

奶茶聯盟是什麼?#MilkTeaAlliance

Milk Tea Alliance was originally a Meme war on Twitter, but it has gradually become a democratic movement of Z generation. Now, this movement has spread across five countries. The young people of these five countries adore democracy and they think only when their voices are heard can the situation be shifted. Milk Tea Alliance is named after a beverage they all love: milk tea. The name Milk Tea Alliance also connotes democracy, since people from five countries all drink milk tea in different ways. Although we drink milk tea differently, we all love milk tea. Although we fight for different rights, we all believe in democracy.

奶茶聯盟原本只是一場網路上的謎因戰,卻逐漸轉變成一場Z世代的民主運動,如今已經這場運動已經跨越了五個國家。這五個國家的年輕人都非常熱愛民主,而且他們覺得只有讓自己的聲音被聽到,才有辦法改變現狀。奶茶聯盟得名於其共同愛好:奶茶。民主的意義便在於每個人都能以自己喜歡的方式喝奶茶。我們五國的喝奶茶的方式也許不同,但我們同樣愛好奶茶。我們爭取的權利也許不同,但我們同樣愛好民主。

奶茶聯盟成員 The Members of Milk Tea Alliance

台灣Taiwan –珍珠奶茶Pearl Milk Tea

泰國Thailand – 茶牛奶冰Cha Nom Yen

香港Hong Kong – 絲襪奶茶 Silk Stocking Tea

緬甸Myanmar – 柏瑪茶Burma Chai 

印度 India – 香料茶Masala Tea

奶茶聯盟成員#1:台灣

台灣珍奶

1. 民主事蹟 Some Facts about Taiwan

1990年代,台灣開始民主化後,30年來在民主和人權上的努力有目共睹。根據2020年經濟學人透過民主指數,台灣為全世界第11民主的國家,也是亞洲最民主的國家。

Since democratization began in Taiwan in the 1990s, its efforts on democracy and human rights can clearly be seen by the world. According to the 2020 Democracy index published by the Economist Intelligence Unit, Taiwan is the most democratic country in Asia and ranks 11 in the world. 

2. 民主象徵Symbol of Democracy – 太陽花 Sunflower

太陽花

奶茶聯盟成員#2:泰國

泰式奶茶

1. 民主事蹟 Some Facts about Thailand

軍政府及皇室趁著新冠肺炎將法律修正的更為專制獨裁,愛好民主的泰國學生因而不滿,從2020年7月起開始抗議皇權以及軍政府的專制。他們的三大訴求為:解散國會、制定新憲法及停止威脅人民。

The government and the monarchy of Thailand took the opportunity of the pandemic to tighten the grip on people. The laws were altered and the system became more autocratic. Pro-democracy students were enraged by the government’s decision and the monarchy’s part in it. Therefore, they started the protest in July 2020. They appealed to the government for the disbandment of parliament, the regulation of new constitution and refraining from violence against people. 

2. 民主象徵Symbol of Democracy – 哈姆太郎 Hamtaro

哈姆太郎

奶茶聯盟成員#3:香港

鴛鴦奶茶

1. 民主事蹟 Some Facts about Hong Kong

2014年9月28日,香港支持民主的人們佔領中環,癱瘓交通,來爭取沒有篩選制度的選舉。儘管香港政府及北京政府並沒有妥協,香港爭取民主的心卻於此萌芽了。2020年6月,因為反送中,香港民主派再次走上街頭,雖然這次沒有領袖,但這次他們透過匿名軟體Telegram號召了全香港三分之一的人口一起走上街頭。

On 28 September 2014, the pro-democracy Hong Kongers peacefully occupied the main thoroughfare across the city and paralysed the traffic. They were fighting for true universal suffrage. Although the Hong Kong and Beijing governments didn’t compromise then, Hong Kongers had become more determined in seeking the true democracy. In June 2020, the pro-democracy Hong Kongers were once again out on the streets. Although they didn’t have a leader this time, they managed to mobilize one third of the population to protest by communicating through the anonymous app, Telegram. 

2. 民主象徵 Symbol of democracy – 雨傘umbrella

雨傘活動-民主

奶茶聯盟成員#4:緬甸

緬甸奶茶

1. 民主事蹟 Some facts about Myanmar

2015年,翁山蘇姬帶領全國民主聯盟(NLD)贏得選舉,建立民主政府,推翻軍政府十幾年的統治。然而,好景不常,2021年2月1日,軍政府推翻翁山蘇姬政府,重新掌權。如今緬甸全國的人民已經抗議超過一個月,希望還權於民主政府,以維持相對自由的生活。

In 2015, Aung San Suu Kyi led her party to win the general election and build a democratic government, which overthrew the decade long military rule. However, the military government seized power again on 1 February 2021. People in Myanmar have been protesting against the military coup for more than a month. They call for returning the power to the democratic government because they feel their freedom is restricted under military rule.

2. 民主象徵Symbol of Democracy – 舉三指Three-Finger Salute

民主象徵-舉三指

奶茶聯盟成員#5:印度

印度奶茶

1. 民主事蹟

印度從1947年脫離殖民後,就成為世界上人口最龐大的民主國家,每次耗資50億美元在選舉上,有9億的選民,每次選舉都得耗40天,分階段才能夠完成。印度最近幾年皆有400多個政黨、8000多個候選人參選。印度的人民投票率為65%左右,足見印度人民愛好民主的心絲毫不為選舉手續繁瑣而減。

Since India gained its independence in 1947, it has become the most populated democratic country. They spend approximately 5 billion US dollars on the general election. There are 900 million voters, so it usually takes up 40 days to complete a national election. However, the voting rate of Indian people is 65% which is considerably higher than other democratic countries. This means Indian people’s passion about democracy will never be shattered or influenced by the complicated procedure.

2. 民主象徵 Symbol of Democracy – Satyameva Jayate 惟真理得勝

Satyameva Jayate 惟真理得勝

身為民主國家的一員,我們一定要認識一些有關民主的單字!

筆者來示範一下怎麼用英文介紹民主:

Democracy is an idea which the government is acting on behalf of its people, and its actions are always examined by the people. This is implemented by the parliament whose members are elected by the citizens. The two main principles of democracy are individual autonomy and equality. If these two principles are being satisfied, everyone in the country will have the same opportunity to influence the decision-making process of a country and enjoy their own lives without being controlled.

democracy 民主

parliament 議會

citizen 公民

individual autonomy 個人自主

equality 平等

decision-making process 決策過程

接著再來認識我們要對抗的威權的單字吧!

筆者來草擬一下我們奶茶聯盟可以用的宣言吧:

We, Milk Tea Alliance, the youth of 5 Asian countries, believe democratic system is by far the most successful system in guaranteeing its people’s welfare. Therefore, we are here to protect it from the rising influence of authoritarianism and totalitarianism across the world.  

authoritarianism 威權主義

totalitarianism 極權主義

小補充:authoritarianism和totalitarianism有什麼不一樣呢?

威權主義authoritarianism是比較專注在政治面向的,指控制政治面向的活動,對於政治以外的事務比較不會嚴厲管理,例如在經濟方面採比較開放的政策。極權主義totalitarianism則會管到生活的每個面向,包括經濟、電視節目、思想控制等等。

學完了民主和威權的單字,準備好要和Milk Tea Alliance走向街頭了?Let’s march!

發佈留言

發佈留言必須填寫的電子郵件地址不會公開。 必填欄位標示為 *

Back to top button