英文學習單字基礎Lv1~Lv3生活

牛排“3分熟”英文要怎麼說?去西餐廳要如何用英文點牛排?

每一次去西餐廳都不少了要點一份牛排,不同的部位、生熟度、調味料都可以按照自己的喜好去調配。那當你去到國外,也一定不能錯過當地的西餐廳,你知道要如何用英文點一份牛排嗎?

3分鐘教會你最道地的點牛排方式!

 

一、1分鐘單字速速記 Vocabulary

  • filet mignon (n.) 菲力牛排
  • relatively (adv.) 相對地
  • tissue (n.) 組織
  • tender (adj.) 軟嫩的
  • marinated (adj.) 經醃漬過的
  • staple (adj.) 經典的、固定的
  • marbling (n.) 油花;花紋、紋路
  • fillet (n.) 無骨的肉排/魚排
  • tenderloin (n.) 脊肉
  • sauté (v.) 嫩煎

 

二、牛排部位與熟度 Steak Cuts & Degrees of Steak Doneness

牛排部位

Steak Cuts 牛排部位

1. Porterhouse 紅屋牛排

This is the king of steaks! It is a thick, 2-in-1 cut with a New York strip on one side and a relatively large filet mignon on the other.

這是牛排之最!紅屋牛排為二合一、且較為豐厚的部位。其中包含紐約客牛排,另一邊則是相對較大的菲力牛排。

2. T-Bone 丁骨牛排

Named after its T-shaped bone, it looks like a porterhouse but with a smaller portion of the filet mignon.

丁骨牛排命名於它骨頭的T字形狀,看起來很像紅屋牛排,只不過菲力相較小一些。

3. Top Sirloin 無骨莎朗

A lean cut sirloin steak without the bone, tenderloin, and the bottom round muscles.

位於里肌肉的下方,去除了骨頭、里脊肉、以及下方的圓形肌肉。

4. Flank 牛腹脅肉

It is one of the most popular cuts of beef with a lot of connective tissue. This gives it a lot of flavors but less tender, so it is advised to be marinated first and cut in thin slices.

它是最受歡迎的牛肉部位之一,含有大量結締組織。牛腹脅肉雖少了較軟嫩的地方,卻很有風味。普遍來說會建議先醃漬過再料理,並在食用前先切成薄片。

5. New York Strip 紐約客牛排

staple steak at any steakhouse. The marbling makes the cut flavorful and tender. It is also known as: club steak, strip loin, shell steak, or Kansas City strip steak.

這是所有牛排館中最經典的一味。這部位的油花使整體更具風味,口感也更軟嫩。它也有許多稱號,例如:club steak, strip loin, shell steak, or Kansas City strip steak。

6. Filet Mignon 菲力牛排

‘Filet mignon’ is French for tender fillet. It’s a steak cut from the smaller end of the tenderloin.

Filet mignon為菲力牛排的法文。這是里脊的較小端的部位。

7. Rib-Eye 肋眼牛排

A favored steak for meat-lovers worldwide. The boneless cut and the marbling allow the meat to be tender and juicy. It is also called a rib steak.

令肉類愛好者為之瘋狂的肋眼牛排。無骨部位和油花使肉質柔嫩多汁。它也被稱為肋骨牛排。

Degrees of Steak Doneness 牛排熟度

1. Blue (0.5-1分熟)

Feels like raw meat to the touch, all but the outside of the steak will look raw. It is seared for 1 minute on each side and a few seconds on each of the outer edges. The internal temperature should be less than 29° Celsius.

觸感像是生肉般,除了外表有煎過的痕跡以外,裡面看起來是全生的。每面煎1分鐘,及每個外邊緣煎幾秒鐘。內部溫度應低於 29°C。

2. Rare (1-2分熟)

The meat should feel like as if you’re gently pressing the tip of your index finger with your thumb. Both sides of the steak are cooked for 2 and a half minutes and the outer edges seared for 10 seconds each. The inner two-thirds of the steak should be a blood-red color with an internal temperature at around 30–51° Celsius.

肉應該感覺就像用你的拇指輕輕觸碰你的食指尖。兩面的牛排烹煮2分半,每個外邊緣烤10秒鐘。牛排內部的三分之二應該是呈現血紅色的,其內部溫度應大約於 30–51°C。

三分熟的牛排

3. Medium Rare (3-4分熟)

A little firmer than rare (press the tip of your middle finger with your thumb), a medium rare steak is cooked for 3 and a half minutes on both sides and the inside should be pink and moist, with a very narrow, blood-red center. The internal temperature should be at 57–63° Celsius.

比1-2分熟的更扎實一點(用你的拇指輕輕觸碰你的中指尖),一份三分熟的牛排兩面應烹煮3分半,內部應呈現粉紅色且是濕潤的而中心是還有點血紅。內部溫度應於 57–63°C。

4. Medium (5-6分熟)

If you touch the tip of your ring finger with your thumb, you’ll feel what a medium steak feels like to the touch. This is achieved by cooking for 4 minutes on each side and only about a quarter of the inside will remain pink and moist, with an internal temperature of 63–68° Celsius.

如果你用你的拇指觸碰你的無名指尖,那大概就是牛排五分熟摸起來的感覺。每面烹調4分鐘即可完成,且裡面約四分之一都呈現粉紅色且是濕潤的,內部溫度應於 63–68°C。

5. Medium Well (7-8分熟)

Similar to a medium steak to the touch, a medium well steak is cooked for 5 minutes on each side with an internal temperature of 72–77° Celsius.

觸感跟五分熟很相似,一份七分熟的牛排每面要煎5分鐘,內部溫度應於 72–77°C。

6. Well-done (9-10分熟)

A well-done steak feels very firm (touch the tip of your pinky with your thumb) to the mignon touch and it should appear dark on the outside, evenly cooked to a light gray-brown color on the inside with a dry texture. The internal temperature should read 77° Celsius or higher.

一份全熟的牛排觸感非常扎實(用拇指觸碰你的小指尖),外觀應呈現深色,甚至內部要烹煮到呈現淺灰褐色,乾癟的質地。內部溫度應大約於 77°C以上。

 

西餐廳牛排點餐

三、情境對話 Scenario Application

Server: Good evening, what can I get for you?

服務生:晚安,您需要什麼嗎?

Customer: Hi there, I’d like the porterhouse steak with sautéed vegetables on the side.

顧客:你好,我想要一份紅屋牛排佐炒鮮蔬。

Server: How would you like your steak?

服務生:您的牛排要幾分熟呢?

Customer: Medium rare, please.

顧客:我要三分熟,謝謝。

Server: Anything else?

服務生:您還需要其他的嗎?

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

Server: Hello, may I take your order?

服務生:您好,可以點餐了嗎?

Customer: Certainly. I’ll have the filet mignon with red wine sauce.

顧客:好,我要一份菲力牛小排佐紅酒醬。

Server: Great choice! How do you like your steak?

服務生:選得好!您的牛排要幾分熟呢?

Customer: I prefer my steak fairly raw, so I’ll go with blue rare, please!

顧客:我想要我的牛排比較生一點,所以我要一分熟,謝謝😊!

Server: Sure thing. Would you like anything else on the side?

服務生:好的。您還想要其他配菜嗎?


Indulging in a fine piece of steak is a luxury and should be a very enjoyable experience for all meat-lovers. However, it can be difficult to describe exactly which cut of steak you want and how well you want it done. Hopefully, this article gives you all a peace of mind and sets your mind at ease next time you order steak in English!

享受一塊美味的牛排是一件奢侈的事,且對於肉食愛好者來說應該是場很愉快的經驗。然而,往往在點餐時卻很難形容自己想要牛排的哪個部位以及想要幾分熟。希望這篇文章能讓你下次在點牛排時能安心地使用英文來點餐

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