- to keep someone in the loop (phrs. v.) 讓某人更新訊息
- carbon copy paper (n.) 紙本副本
- to keep something on the down low (phrs. v.) 保持低調
二、信件常見英文縮寫 E-mail common abbreviations
Let’s talk about something that we’ve all asked at least once or twice: what’s CC and BCC and how are they different from TO? Here are your answers:
讓我們來聊聊一些關於英文縮寫我們都至少問過一到兩次的問題：什麼是 CC 跟 BCC 呢？而他們又與 TO 有什麼不同呢？現在就為你解答！
The ‘To’ field should be intended for the targeted recipients of the mail. If you have multiple recipients in the TO field, all their address will be visible to each other.
If your email is directed at Johnny AND Mary about an upcoming meeting with a client, put both of their email addresses in the TO field.
如果有一封關於與客戶的會議的信件需要同時寄給 Johnny 和 Mary ，就把各自的信箱地址放在 TO 這個欄位即可！
CC (Carbon Copy)（副本）
It works just like the real carbon copy paper, it ‘copies’. You’ll still be able to see all the others’ addresses entered in the TO field, as well as the ones entered in the CC field. However, recipients in the CC field will know that this email was intended for and targeted at those in the TO field, but the CC recipients may be somewhat involved in the situation so the sender feels like they should be kept in the loop.
這就像是真的紙本副本，用來複製你的信件。你仍然可以看見所有在 TO 欄位的信箱地址，還有放在 CC 欄位的信箱地址。然而在 CC 欄位的收件人會知道這個信件是特地寄給 TO 欄位的人，但因 CC 欄位的人與此信件有相關聯，因此寄件人也會寄給他（CC 欄位的人），希望對方也能夠得知事情的最新資訊 ( 常見對象為主管或老闆 ) 。
If your email is directed at Johnny and Mary, put their email addresses in the TO field, but if you also feel like your manager should stay updated, you can put your manager’s email in the CC field.
如果你有一封信件要寄給 Johnny 和 Mary ，把他們信箱地址放在 TO 的欄位。但若你覺得你的經理也應得到最新消息，你應該把經理的信箱地址放在 CC 欄位。
BCC (Blind Carbon Copy)（密件副本）
This is probably the most different, and rather useful, function in emails. Addresses entered in the BCC field will NOT be visible to all other recipients (including other BCC recipients). However, should the email also have TO and CC recipients, those addresses will still be visible to every recipient (including BCC). No one BUT the sender can see all the BCC recipient addresses.
這是最特別的一個英文縮寫，且非常的有用！在 BCC 欄位的收件人不會看見 BCC 欄位的其他收件人。然而BCC 欄位的人可以看見所有 TO 欄位與 CC 欄位的人。除了寄件人本身可以看到所有 BCC 欄位的人，其他欄位的人都不會看見 BCC 欄位的人。
Note that any replies to the original email will NOT be sent to these people because their addresses will not be detected by other recipients’ email service providers. BCC recipients will only be able to see their own email addresses in the BCC field. This function is also extremely useful when you are sending an email to a bigger crowd but you don’t want to leak anyone’s contact information and email address.
That email that you sent to Johnny and Mary, as well as CC-ed to your manager, about the meeting with a client: maybe you plan to have a few surprises that involve other people, but you needed to keep things on the down low, enter these anonymous addresses in the BCC field. No one but you (the sender) can see their addresses.
你想傳送給 Johnny 和 Mary 的與客戶開會的信，也用 CC 傳給了經理，但也許你與其他人計畫著驚喜，因此你需要低調行事，所以在 BCC 輸入了這些不想公開的信箱地址。除了你（寄件人）之外沒有人看得見 BCC 裡的信箱地址。